Windows XP - My computer starts then displays "Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt \WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CONFIG\SYSTEM: Select R to repair"

 When I select R or any other key i.e. F8 the computer restarts and display the same error again. Help.

How do I get into safe mode to repair this registry file?
 

Question Info


Last updated December 22, 2017 Views 86 Applies to:

 Hi,

 

- Were there any recent changes made on the computer prior to the issue?

 

Please follow the methods provided below and update us with the results.

 

 

Method 1: How to start your computer by using the Last Known Good Configuration feature in Windows XP

 

First try getting to the Advanced Boot Options menu by repeatedly pressing F8 when booting up. See if you can start in "Last Known Good Configuration" or "Safe Mode" before attempting the method 2.

 

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307852

 

http://www.microsoft.com/resources/documentation/windows/xp/all/proddocs/en-us/boot_last_good.mspx?mfr=true

 

A description of the Safe Mode Boot options in Windows XP:
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315222

 

 

Method 2: How to recover from a corrupted registry that prevents Windows XP from starting.

 

Please follow the steps provided in the following article and check if it helps.

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307545

 

Registry disclaimer

To do so: Important this section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

322756 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/322756/ )

How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

 

For more information, refer to the article and check.

 

Advanced troubleshooting for general startup problems in Windows XP

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/308041

 

Important Note: I would like to explain that the In-place Upgrade is a tool to repair the system. Through the special upgrade process, we will be able to repair the system. The In-place Upgrade will not affect settings like photos, movies, documents, etc. that are saved on the computer.  However, it is recommended to first backup your important information and files to other partitions or other disks.

 

Let us know if it helps!

K.Z. Sharief Khan
Ex-Microsoft Forum Moderator

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I would say that there is a good possibility there is nothing wrong with your registry file in spite of what the error message says.

The usual problem is that XP just can't find the file due to some corruption in your NT File System (NTFS).  You can usually fix this by running a chkdsk with error correction from the XP Recovery Console so I would start there.

Was the issue preceded by a power interruption, aborted restart, or improper shutdown?  (this includes plug pulling, power buttons, removing the battery, etc.)

You might want to read through this thread/topic:

http://answers.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/forum/windows_xp-system/after-windows-restart-and-then-no-configsystem/83d5c57f-9836-4f3a-bec8-04c7d81861d3

You can entertain those Microsoft engaged Support Engineer "expert" ideas, but I will bet you the Microsoft engaged Support Engineer "expert" has never fixed this problem in his life, has not bothered to try to reproduce the problem and has therefore not tested these "Methods" to see if they work or if they help.

I would also recommend that you never, never, never start with KB307545 when you have this problem and I have never used KB30745 to fix this problem in my life and somebody please shoot me dead if I ever suggest it (for this problem).

Those ideas come from zero practical troubleshooting experience and are just guesses and links to KB articles, but do try them if you are compelled to do so.

What you should to is tell us more about your system:

Since even the latest Microsoft Answers forum implementation STILL does not prompt for any kind of system information when a new question is asked, we know absolutely nothing about your system.  Not knowing fundamental information about a problem prolongs the frustration and agony of resolving these issues.

Thank you MS Answers, for continuing to make the resolution of simple problems as frustrating and time consuming as possible.

Please provide additional information about your system as best you can:

What is your system make and model?

What is your XP Version and Service Pack?

Does your system have IDE drives or SATA drives?

Describe your current antivirus and anti malware situation:  McAfee, Symantec, Norton, Spybot, AVG, Avira!, MSE, Panda, Trend Micro, CA, Defender, ZoneAlarm, PC Tools, Comodo, etc.

Was the issue preceded by a power interruption, aborted restart, or improper shutdown?  (this includes plug pulling, power buttons, removing the battery, etc.)

Does the afflicted system have a working CD/DVD drive (internal or external)?

Do you have a genuine bootable XP installation CD that is the same Service Pack as your installed Service Pack (this is not the same as any Recovery CDs that came with your system)?

If the system used to work properly, what do you think might have changed since the last time it did work properly?



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