Maybe what you can try (before you try points 1..11) only turn Off your antivirus and
turn Off UAC, then manually install the updates that failed to install
and run Windows update to install
rest of updates. Turn On your antivirus and turn On UAC. How
turn Off UAC see point 5).
If these steps above not help, try to use these ones:
1)uninstall Net Framework 4.0 client from „Uninstall and change program“: