Windows 10: Update components must be repaired

I am running Windows 10 on my new toshiba laptop (pre-installed) and nothing ever works - after reconfiguring the computer for 5 times in 4 months with several problems I now have problems with the updater.

Although it is set to automitcally updating I always have to start searching for windows updates myself by opening the updater. I ran the Update troubleshooter repeated times, most of the times it says

The location where Windows Update stores data has changed and must be repaired.   - then says fixed


One or more Windows Update components are configured incorrectly. And then fixed -

but the problem remains.

I could get the new March updated installed after 3 hours of repeatedly rebooting, troubleshooting and so on - but the problem remains, I have to open the update myself for something to happen.

I am desperatly longing for the time where you could go on the windows website and they had an easy  fix for everything (say you downloaded a tool that fixed it all), but now everything should go automatically and since this is the component that doesn't work I can't do anything.

I don't know what to do anymore with this laptop, I am preparing myself to running linux instead as I am sick of reconfiguring a brandnew laptop that is apparently just not compatible with windows 10.

Any suggestion before I do this?

Thank you, I really appreciate your time!


Hi Britta,

Thank you for posting in Microsoft Community. I understand your concern and I am glad to assist you.

Sorry for the inconvenience caused.

Do you receive any error code along with the error message that you provided? If so, please let us know.

I would suggest you to attempt this fix and check.

Reset your Windows Update Components
How do I reset Windows Update components?

Reboot PC and try updating.

If it still fails, try this.

  1. Start an elevated command prompt.
  2. Run the following commands hitting enter after each line:

    net stop wuauserv

    cd %systemroot%

    ren SoftwareDistribution SoftwareDistribution.old

    net start wuauserv

  3. Reboot
  4. Try updating.

**Important** The following issues occur when you do this:

  • Updates that are currently downloaded but that have not yet been installed have to be downloaded again by using Windows Update or Microsoft Update.
  • When you delete the Software Distribution folder, your download history is removed.
  • If you currently receive updates from Microsoft Update and from Windows Update, you will have to re-select this option from the Windows Update Web site.

If the issue is resolved and you can successfully download and install updates, you can safely delete the SoftwareDistribution.old directory to recover disk space.

If the issue still persist, perform a repair upgrade and check if the issue can be eliminated.

Follow the instructions from the link below and check.

Credits: Andre Da Costa.


Hope this helps. Get back to us for further queries. We are happy to help!

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Question Info

Last updated July 6, 2021 Views 56,125 Applies to: